The society Finch (Lonchura Striata domestica), also called the Bengalese finch or Japanese Movchen, belonging to the estrildid finch family, is a cage bird not found in the wild. This monomorphic species is characterized by a chocolate body along with a black-silver beak.
|Scientific Name||Lonchura striata domestica|
|Color||Chocolate brown pied, fawn|
|Size||10cm to 12cm|
|Weight||15gm to 20gm|
|Diet||Cereal seeds, millets, grass seeds|
|Egg hatching time||About 16 days|
|Clutch size||3 to 8 eggs|
|Singing Ability||Seen in males|
The several color mutations this active species comes in are mentioned below:
- Chocolate self
- Fawn self and fawn pied
- Chestnut pied
- Bay crested
- Dilute fawn pied
- Red-eyed fawn pied
- White and fawn
- Dominant and Recessive pied
- Pearl with crest
- Chocolate gray self
Society finch pet care
These active, energetic, easy-to-manage and affordable birds are a delight to watch and listen to, forming great pets for first-timers.
A large, spacious well-ventilated cage will be well suited for the society finches. However, it is to be kept away from doors and windows to prevent direct sunlight and also protected from cold drafts. Wooden or natural perches along with cage accessories helps in keeping the bird entertained, however overcrowding of their cage is to be avoided.
Newspaper, grit paper, and paper towels are to be used as cage substrates and changed on a regular basis, to ensure proper hygiene. Hay or grass forms good nest box substrates.
Being unable to withstand a very cold environment, a temperature of 75°F is suitable for them.
Proper lighting is essential to keep your finch healthy. In fact, if the cage or aviary is indoors then full- spectrum lighting is needed. Placing the lighting on a timer helps the bird to produce Vitamin D also facilitating molting and reproduction process.
These sociable birds love being together, with most of them cuddling into one nest at night when kept in a big group. Differing in temperament, some of them fly about in their dwelling place, whereas others tend to shy away when someone comes near the cage. Being non-aggressive in nature, they are the first to back out when attacked by any other species. Their high tolerance level makes them suitable to be foster parents to other finch species.
A healthy finch diet includes cereal seeds, canary grass seeds, millets, spinach, lettuce, spray millet, chickweed, carrot tops, egg food and broccoli tops. Apple slices, melons, and grapes are enjoyed by them. Crushed egg shell, oyster shell, and cuttlebones form a good calcium source. Provide your society finch with grits if it can digest it well. Fresh water supply is necessary as they may die on not getting water for over 24 hours.
Provide them with lukewarm chlorine-free water to bathe in on a regular basis. Some of them also prefer to be sprayed upon by a plant spray. Trim their nails when required, making sure to keep some styptic powder handy in case your finch bleeds in this process.
Improper hygiene and unhealthy living conditions result in certain health problems. A common disorder in them is albinism where the finch has white feathers and pink eyes. Other ailments that are common to most finches are mites, concussion, heat stroke, cramps, cold, egg binding and so on. Some symptoms of illness include abnormal-colored droppings, ruffled feathers, and lessened appetite.
A society finch will cost you between $15-$40.
- Though there is no concrete evidence about their origin, it is said to have been developed by the Chinese in the 1700s and later popularized in Japan.
- Females have a raspy voice, their call resembling that of a cricket.
- The first specimens of the Society finch to be introduced in Europe were a pair of white birds that had been brought to the London Zoo in 1860.
- Through a DNA study, it has been observed that their origination may have been from the white-rumped munia.